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Traditional high-speed web or surface inspection has been reserved for linear CCD imagers, but today we also need to consider area CCD and area CMOS imagers. Each technology has different features that are best suited for a specific application. This article will discuss the differences between area CMOS and linear CCD for high-speed surface inspection.
Over the years LMI has implemented many types of surface inspection sensors. In my experience, the CMOS imager has a speed and flexibility advantage due to the onboard circuitry. Traditionally, CCDs are recognized by the industry for achieving high speeds, but at a higher cost and complexity. This article will address the advantages of CMOS area imagers for implementing extremely fast, scalable, and compact surface inspection systems.
A typical statement requirement for a high-speed monochrome web/surface inspection application is below. The specifications required for this example include:
In most cases, this type of requirement can use a linear CCD or area CMOS. In this example, we will first explore a solution using a linear CCD implementation, and then compare with area CMOS operations.
Linear CCD Implementation
This solution requires one 50 KHz 2048 pixel camera, likely with a camera link interface, a large, high-resolution lens and a camera link frame grabber. It has a 100 percent duty cycle and a high-intensity light source (250mm standoff). The camera standoff is 1,000 mm for 1,000 mm FOV.