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Updated: July 8th, 2008 05:26 PM CDT

Raman Spectroscopy Combined With NIR Autofluorescence

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Biotech Week
via NewsEdge Corporation

2005 DEC 28 - (NewsRx.com) -- Raman spectroscopy could be combined with background near-infrared autofluorescence (NIR) to diagnose malignant tissues.

According to recent research published in the journal Photochemistry and Photobiology, "The diagnostic ability of optical spectroscopy techniques, including NIR Raman spectroscopy, NIR autofluorescence spectroscopy and the composite Raman and NIR autofluorescence spectroscopy, for in vivo detection of malignant tumors was evaluated in this study. A murine tumor model, in which BALB/c mice were implanted with Meth-A fibrosarcoma cells into the subcutaneous region of the lower back, was used for this purpose."

"A rapid-acquisition dispersive-type NIR Raman system was employed for tissue Raman and NIR autofluorescence spectroscopic measurements at 785-nm laser excitation. High-quality in vivo NIR Raman spectra associated with an autofluorescence background from mouse skin and tumor tissue were acquired in 5 s. Multivariate statistical techniques, including principal component analysis (PCA) and linear discriminant analysis (LDA), were used to develop diagnostic algorithms for differentiating tumors from normal tissue based on their spectral features," explained Z.W. Huang and colleagues, British Columbia Cancer Research Center.

"Spectral classification of tumor tissue was tested using a leave-one-out, cross-validation method, and the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were used to further evaluate the performance of diagnostic algorithms derived. Thirty-two in vivo Raman, NIR fluorescence and composite Raman and NIR fluorescence spectra were analyzed (16 normal, 16 tumors). Classification results obtained from cross-validation of the LDA model based on the three spectral data sets showed diagnostic sensitivities of 81.3%, 93.8% and 93.8%; specificities of 100%, 87.5% and 100%; and overall diagnostic accuracies of 90.6%, 90.6% and 96.9% respectively, for tumor identification."

The researchers concluded, "ROC curves showed that the most effective diagnostic algorithms were from the composite Raman and NIR autofluorescence techniques."

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